Also known as nearsightedness, myopia is a type of vision error that causes close objects to appear clearly, and distant objects to appear blurry.
In a myopic eye, the eyeball is usually too long from front to back. As a result, light rays focus at a point in front of the retina, as opposed to directly on the surface. This causes distant objects to appear blurry. A cornea that is too curved for the length of the eyeball, or a lens that is too thick, can also be the cause of myopia. For some, a combination of these problems is the cause of their myopia.
Myopia has various symptoms, though each person may experience each to a different degree. These symptoms include:
During an eye exam, our optometrist will be able to determine if you have myopia. Eye exams usually begin with the visual acuity test. This test consists of a standardized chart with rows of letters that gradually decrease in size from top to bottom. Patients are asked to cover one eye and read out loud the smallest line of letters that they can see clearly. When done, the patient will cover the other eye and repeat the process.
If the test concludes the patient is nearsighted, the optometrist will use a retinoscope to shine light into your eyes to observe retina reflection.
Myopia can be treated through eyeglasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery (laser eye surgery). The optometrist will discuss with you the pros and cons of each so that you can make an informed decision about which method of vision correction is best for your lifestyle.
Using curved lenses, eyeglasses refocus light rays directly onto the retina (instead of in front of it). Eyeglasses are the most common method of correction myopia.
Exactly like eyeglasses, contact lenses correct vision by refocusing light rays onto the retina, instead of in front of it. Contact lenses, however, rest directly on the eye opposed to in front of it. Many people prefer contact lenses to eyeglasses because they do not change your appearance when worn. They are also ideal for athletes or people with occupations that do not permit eyeglasses to be worn.
This method of treatment changes the shape of the cornea to correct myopia. There are many different types of refractive surgery (also known as laser eye surgery), but the most common are LASIK and PRK. Refractive surgery comes with a few possible symptoms and risks
After surgery, many patients experience dry eye symptoms. A small number of these patients can develop chronic dry eye syndrome. Other potential vision symptoms such as double vision, starbursts, glare, and halos may also develop. Instances of serious side effects are rare, and in most cases, temporary.